27 July 12:02 (BST)

A guide to diving at Glasgow 2018

EDINBURGH - Pikes, tucks and twists, and it is all over in less than two seconds. For spectators new to the sport, the performance of a dive and the judging of its merits can be a complicated affair.

Here is a guide to the Glasgow 2018 European Championships competition being held at the Royal Commonwealth Pool, Edinburgh from 6-12 August.

All of the men's events and the team event involve six dives, while the women's competition and mixed synchronised disciplines have five.

In events with preliminaries, the top 12 ranked divers progress to the final. The synchronised and team event involve finals only.

Diving positions

  • Tuck: a diver bends at the hip and knee, curling the body into a ball.
  • Pike: a diver bends at the hip, keeping the legs straight.
  • Straight: a diver keeps the whole body straight.

Groups of dives

  • Forward: the diver faces forwards and rotates forwards.
  • Backward: the diver faces backwards and rotates backwards.
  • Reverse: the diver faces forwards and rotates backwards.
  • Inward: the diver faces backwards and rotates forwards
  • Twisting: a dive involving twisting can be performed forwards, backwards, reverse or inwards and involves a sideways twist.
  • Armstand: these dives are carried out only from platforms and begin with a handstand. They can be performed forwards, backwards, or reverse, and may include twists.

Dives and groups per discipline

In the 1m and 3m springboard (preliminary and final), men perform six dives without limit of degree of difficulty, one dive from each of the first five groups above plus an additional dive from any group. The women's event is slightly different. They do five dives from different groups without limit of degree of difficulty.

For the 10m platform (preliminary and final) men must execute six dives from the different groups without limit of degree of difficulty, while the women perform five.

In the 3m and 10m synchronised (finals only) competition, there are six rounds of dives for men from five different groups, two with a degree of difficulty of 2.0 for each dive and four without limit of degree of difficulty. For women it is five rounds from five groups, two with a difficulty of 2.0 and three without limit of degree of difficulty.

There are five rounds of dives from five groups in the mixed 3m and 10m synchronised (finals only). Two dives must have a 2.0 degree of difficulty and three without limit of degree of difficulty.

The team event (finals only) involves one female and one male. There are six dives from six different groups - two with a 2.0 degree of difficulty, four without limit of degree of difficulty. Three dives are performed by each.

Three are executed from the 3m springboard and three from the 10m platform. Each diver must perform at least one from the 3m springboard and one from the 10m platform.

Synchronised diving
This involves two competitors diving simultaneously from the springboard or platform. The competition is judged on their individual performances and on their synchronisation.

Judging system
There will be seven judges for the individual and team events. The two highest and two lowest scores are cancelled. The remaining scores are added together then multiplied by the degree of difficulty to give the total score for each dive.

For the synchronised event, there are nine judges. Two assess the execution of one diver and two assess the other. The remaining five judge synchronisation.

The highest and lowest scores for execution are cancelled, as are the highest and lowest for synchronisation. When two or more awards are equal, either of the equal awards may be cancelled.

Protests
A verbal complaint may be made by a competitor or team official immediately after the execution of a dive, a round of dives or a section of the contest. If the complaint is not accepted, a formal protest may be made.

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