29 July 16:39 (BST)

A guide to rowing at Glasgow 2018

GLASGOW - Europe's best rowers will compete in the scenic parkland and loch that comprise Strathclyde Country Park when the Glasgow 2018 rowing competition gets under way.

History of the event
The European rowing championships have come a long way since 1893, when the inaugural competition consisted of only three men's events.

The regatta was then held almost every year - apart from during and immediately after the two world wars - until 1973. In 2007, it was resurrected and has been held annually ever since.

At the 2017 championships, held in Racice, Czech Republic, Italy topped the medal table with three golds, one silver and four bronzes. Eighteen other countries won at least one medal.

The championships are normally the second event of the international season, which also includes three world cup regattas and the world championships. The Glasgow 2018 European Championships is the first to be held in Great Britain since 1960, when it took place in London.

Glasgow 2018 will feature nine rowing events for men and eight for women across sculling and sweep.

The sculling events, in which each athlete has two oars, range from single sculls (one rower) to quadruple sculls (four). There are single, double and quadruple sculls events for openweight and lightweight rowers.

Lightweight men must weigh a maximum of 72.5kg and the crew average has to be no more than 70kg. The maximum weight for a lightweight woman is 59kg and the crew average must be no more than 57kg.

In sweep events each athlete has only one oar. These include the pair (two rowers), four and eight (plus a coxswain). There are no lightweight sweep events at the European championships.

Each country can enter only one crew in each class. Italy has entered the most crews, with 16 boats due to compete. Great Britain and the Netherlands each have entries in 14 boat classes.

All events are raced over 2,000 metres on a six-lane course. Depending on the number of entries in an event, crews progress from heats to repechages or semifinals. The first three crews in each semifinal, or the top six drawn from the heats and the repechages, contest the A final.

Crews ranked outside the top six also race a B or C final to determine their final ranking.

The Glasgow 2018 rowing competition begins on Thursday 2 August.

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