The European Athletics Championships will be staged in the German capital from 7-12 August and forms part of the inaugural multi-sport European Championships along with co-hosts Glasgow from 2-12 August.
"It is a great honour and joy for us that the President of the Federal Republic will take over the patronage of the Berlin 2018 European Athletics Championships. It shows the great commitment of our head of state and the social relevance of the European Athletics Championships in Berlin,” said President of the German Athletics Federation (DLV) Clemens Prokop.
Steinmeier served as Vice Chancellor from 2007 and 2009 and was elected President in February on the first ballot. He is an ardent sports fan and a keen supporter of top flight German football club FC Schalke 04.
Germany has twice staged the European Athletics Championships before. Stuttgart held the 1986 edition before Munich staged the championships in 2002.
Organisers announced last month that 90,000 tickets have already been sold for the European Athletics Championships. Click here for more information on tickets.